Diabetes

Medical Marijuana Offers Benefits Comparable to Prescription Medication, Without the Side Effects

Title: Preferences for Medical Marijuana over Prescription Medications Among Persons Living with Chronic Conditions: Alternative, Complementary, and Tapering Uses

In a survey of 30 patients using medical cannabis for a range of diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, hepatitis C, PTSD, among others, patients reported an array of benefits they have reaped from cannabis use. Patients successfully used cannabis in several ways: as an alternative to prescription medication, complementarily with prescription medicine, and to gradually replace use of prescription medication.

Benefits described by participants included the effects of cannabis lasting longer than that of opioids, lower risk of addiction, fewer side-effects. Patients also saw their sleep, anxiety, appetite, and adverse reactions improve with the use of medical cannabis. Larger, more controlled studies may suggest cannabis more affirmatively as an alternative or complementary therapy with prescription medications.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDMedical Marijuana Offers Benefits Comparable to Prescription Medication, Without the Side Effects
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Video: Do-It-Yourself Cannabis Tinctures

One of the terrific realities of modern Cannabis is that it is possible, and often quite simple, to make effective products at home. With suitable education and access to testing facilities, the soil, nutrients, and plant growth can be supported at home, lab-tested for make-up and potency, as well as safety-checked for potential microscopic contaminants, and ultimately, individualized medicine can be created right at home!

Here is a sample instructional for just one way that cannabis tincture can be made at home. There are countless others and hopefully, many that are yet to be discovered!

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Benjamin Caplan, MDVideo: Do-It-Yourself Cannabis Tinctures
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Genes in the Endocannabinoid and Opioid Systems may Provide Biomarkers of Obesity

Title: Preclinical and Clinical Evidence for a Distinct Regulation of Mu Opioid and Type 1 Cannabinoid Receptor Genes Expression in Obesity

Researchers have recently found that alterations of the type 1 cannabinoid receptor gene (CNR1) and mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1)  contribute to the development of obesity. This phenomenon was shown in rat models who were given a high-fat diet and humans currently dealing with obesity. Due to the possibility of the up-regulation of CNR1 and OPRM1 providing a mechanism for developing the obesity phenotype, those two genes could serve as biomarkers for obesity. Fortunately, the up-regulation of CNR1 and OPRM1 is reversible and may also provide a target for combatting obesity and encouraging weight loss in obese individuals. 

Highlighted here are the interactions of the endocannabinoid and opioid systems. Contradictory evidence concerning the interaction of the two systems has come out in recent years making it difficult to come to any conclusions. The endocannabinoid system has been thought to provide a safe and effective method for combatting the opioid crisis. Opioids are highly addictive and dangerous, but they are an efficient way to minimize pain which has kept them in mainstream medicine. Opioids have led to countless overdoses in recent decades causing researchers to search for a more ethical option for pain relief. Cannabis has a much better safety profile, poses no risk of overdose, and offers a welcome change of pace to traditional choices. Conclusive research is still needed to confirm, and reconfirm the details.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDGenes in the Endocannabinoid and Opioid Systems may Provide Biomarkers of Obesity
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Cannabinoids and autoimmune diseases: A systematic review (Diabetes)

As it stands, there is no cure for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. But, some of us in the medical community are starting to wonder if cannabis could be a viable treatment option. Several studies already address this, with impressive findings, and now, A new mouse model study suggests that not only could CBD prevent Type 1 Diabetes, but it seems to also reduce symptoms after onset. 

Now researchers must determine the long term effects of CBD treatment. Watch a video summary below:

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Benjamin Caplan, MDCannabinoids and autoimmune diseases: A systematic review (Diabetes)
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Video: Cannabinoids and autoimmune diseases: A systematic review

This literature review summarizes the findings on the role of cannabis in treating autoimmune diseases. Cannabis has anti-inflammatory properties when treating rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, type 1 diabetes, IBD, neuropathic pain, and fibromyalgia. Below is a video adaptation of “Cannabinoids in Rheumatoid Arthritis.” 

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Benjamin Caplan, MDVideo: Cannabinoids and autoimmune diseases: A systematic review
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Analyses of Cannabinoid Signaling in the Immune System Highlights Key Questions, Challenges, and Future Directions

Targeting Cannabinoid Signaling in the Immune System: “High”-ly Exciting Questions, Possibilities, and Challenges

A meta-analysis concerning the role of cannabinoid signaling in immune system regulations revealed current therapeutic benefits, challenges for future research, and exciting new directions. Among the current research, cannabinoids have already been found to suppress inflammation associated with autoimmune diseases, especially in multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, Type-1 Diabetes, and Crohn’s Disease. Future cannabis-based therapies aim to improve immune responses to organ donation, bone marrow transplants, and skin grafts. The analysis includes challenges facing future cannabis research such as potential side effects and legal status.  

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Benjamin Caplan, MDAnalyses of Cannabinoid Signaling in the Immune System Highlights Key Questions, Challenges, and Future Directions
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Flavonoids May Provide Therapeutic Benefits for Type 2 Diabetes

A recent study has found that flavonoids isolated from Psoralea corylifolia are able to inhibit part of the insulin pathway.

Seeds of the P. corylifolia plant have been used in eastern medicine, primary in China, for years, and is now being further researched as flavonoids continue to intrigue researchers with their possible therapeutic benefits. The inhibitory activity found in this study provides evidence that flavonoids should be pursued as a potential treatment for Type-2 Diabetes.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDFlavonoids May Provide Therapeutic Benefits for Type 2 Diabetes
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New Extraction Methods for “Polyphenols” Benefits Future Research

Citrus peels waste as a source of value-added compounds- extraction and quantification of bioactive polyphenols

A recent study has exposed a more efficient, sustainable, and economically viable extraction method for polyphenols (specific active chemical compounds) from citrus peels. One such polyphenol is Naringin, a flavonoid present in lemon peels, which has been hypothesized to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, as well as, potentially, to help treat obesity. This new extraction method will allow researchers to discover more definite therapeutic effects of polyphenols in citrus peels.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDNew Extraction Methods for “Polyphenols” Benefits Future Research
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Countering the Modern Metabolic Disease Rampage With Ancestral Endocannabinoid System Alignment

Cannabinoid receptors, located throughout the body, are involved in a variety of physiological processes (including appetite, mood, etc.). A 2019 study shows that blocking CB1Rs (cannabinoid receptors that conserve energy) is an effective way to manage metabolic disorders, such as obesity and Type-2 Diabetes. 

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Benjamin Caplan, MDCountering the Modern Metabolic Disease Rampage With Ancestral Endocannabinoid System Alignment
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