All posts tagged: Adolescents

Adolescent Executive Dysfunction in Daily Life: Relationships to Risks, Brain Structure and Substance Use

Researchers assessed 817 youth (aged 12 to 21) who previously participated in the National Consortium on Alcohol and Neurodevelopment in Adolescence study. They found that 123 subjects (15.2%) had used cannabis in the past year, and that cannabis use impaired inhibitory control, emotional control, and task planning.

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This paper is also stored here:    http://bit.ly/2L0aMWa     inside the CED Foundation Archive

Benjamin Caplan, MDAdolescent Executive Dysfunction in Daily Life: Relationships to Risks, Brain Structure and Substance Use
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Medical Marijuana and Treatment of Pediatric Epilepsy Patients

Medical Marijuana in the Pediatric Population With Epilepsy—What You Should Know

A recent review has discussed the known benefits of treating children who are suffering from epilepsy with cannabis-based medicine. Medical marijuana (MM) is a viable option for treating this population that comes with risks due to the high that comes from THC and its legal status as a Schedule 1 drug. The legal status is currently preventing larger scale research to be done so that physicians can better educate parents on how to care for a child taking MM.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDMedical Marijuana and Treatment of Pediatric Epilepsy Patients
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How to prevent inappropriate teen use?

Especially in Colorado and Washington, people are taking note of teens’ use and access to potent marijuana, and many are concerned that there are not enough measures in place to prevent this. Newly legalized states should look into this before it becomes a national issue. https://wapo.st/2Fgmto9

Benjamin Caplan, MDHow to prevent inappropriate teen use?
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The Education of Dispensary Staff is Varied and Lacks Regulation

Training and Practices of Cannabis Dispensary Staff

How much medical training does your local budtender possess? An online survey sent to medical marijuana dispensary staff reported only 55% of staffers had any formal training for their position, with 20% reporting some background in medical/scientific training. The analysis reported that many among the dispensary staff are recommending cannabis choices that are consistent with current evidence, but some are recommending strains that are either ineffective or exacerbate a patient’s condition. The findings of this study stress the importance of consistent and well-regulated training of dispensary staff.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDThe Education of Dispensary Staff is Varied and Lacks Regulation
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Cannabinoids in Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A randomized-controlled trial

In a placebo-controlled study of a cannabis oral spray in patients with ADHD, there was no significant improvement in cognitive performance, but there was a significant improvement in hyperactivity and impulsivity.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDCannabinoids in Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A randomized-controlled trial
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Influence of the CB1 cannabinoid receptors & antidepressant effects

Study finds that, for patients already taking antidepressants, activating and/or prohibiting the CB1 receptor in the brain might make those antidepressants more effective.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDInfluence of the CB1 cannabinoid receptors & antidepressant effects
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Multiple Health Risk Behaviors in Young Adult Smokers: Stages of Change and Stability over Time

Study finds that most young adult smokers engage in multiple other health risk behaviors. When placed in an intervention, participants were most ready to change their stress management and least ready to change their cannabis use.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDMultiple Health Risk Behaviors in Young Adult Smokers: Stages of Change and Stability over Time
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Teens Regularly Consuming Cannabis More Likely to Have Suffered Sexual Abuse

Identifying teenage sexual abuse victims by questions on their daily lives

According to the World Health Association, approximately 13.4% of girls and 5.7% of boys experience child sexual abuse. Victims of child sexual abuse are more prone to, among other negative health and social outcomes, increased consumption of cannabis as teens. Teens who have been a victim to child sexual abuse are significantly more likely to participate in regular cannabis consumption than their non-sexually abused counterparts. Given its status as an international public health problem, further research needs to be completed to determine appropriate therapeutic plans for victims of child sexual abuse in order to reduce their increased odds of negative mental, physical, and emotional outcomes.

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This paper is also stored here: http://bit.ly/2YZDREV inside the CED Foundation Archive

Benjamin Caplan, MDTeens Regularly Consuming Cannabis More Likely to Have Suffered Sexual Abuse
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Adolescent Cannabis Use Can Impact Sleep Habits

Exploring Interventions for Sleep Disorders in Adolescent Cannabis Users

The effects of cannabis on sleep are varied and dependent on dosage and the component of cannabis in question. For instance, low doses of cannabidiol (CBD) have an energizing effect, while higher doses can prompt drowsiness. Cannabis use among adolescents results in similar although occasionally more pronounced effects on sleep than among adults. Previous studies have reported a relationship between cannabis use and an individual’s “sleep duration, self-reported sleep problems, and insomnia.” Furthermore, many newcomers to cannabis approach the plant as an aid to sleep, and regular cannabis use may result. This may lead to an increase in tolerance and, upon attempts to quit, a disruption in sleep and REM may rebound. At a time when sleep is crucial to development, considering the wide field of unknowns and potential impact, adolescents should proceed cautiously, and with restraint, when consuming cannabis.

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Benjamin Caplan, MDAdolescent Cannabis Use Can Impact Sleep Habits
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Adverse Structural and Functional Effects of Marijuana on the Brain: Evidence Reviewed

Cannabis Poses Danger to Adolescent Users

An evaluation of previous studies exploring unfavorable health effects of cannabis use reports that adolescents are particularly susceptible to cerebral structural and functional abnormalities. During adolescence, cannabinoid receptors are abundant in white matter. Cannabis use during this critical period of development can cause structural abnormalities in white matter, increase the tendency for risk-taking behavior, and lead to premature substance abuse. Despite its various health benefits, adolescents should exercise caution and abstain from cannabis use

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Benjamin Caplan, MDAdverse Structural and Functional Effects of Marijuana on the Brain: Evidence Reviewed
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